Not a new virus, not a new variant: what is "flurone" and why we should not alarm

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12

11/2022

Florence Ballarino

07 enero, 2022 11:21 am | Tiempo de lectura: 4 minutos
07 enero, 2022 11:21 am
| Tiempo de lectura: 4 minutos

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Update: 01/25/22

The Israeli Ministry of Health confirmed on January 2, that they had detected the first simultaneous infection of flu and coronavirus in their country.The patient was a pregnant woman who was discharged on December 30 after being treated by minor symptoms associated with double infection.

In Argentina, also the Ministry of Health of the Province of Santa Fé confirmed on January 20 that influenza and coronavirus had been detected in a 3 -year -old patient in the Children's Hospital Orlando Aassia for an epilepsy picture.

In spiteFlu combination (flu) and coronavirus.The new term caused alarm, although experts emphasize that simultaneous infection with 2 respiratory viruses or viruses and bacteria is a well -known fact of medicine.

“Lo primero que hay que aclarar es que no es un virus distinto, no es que se casaron el virus de la gripe con el del coronavirus e hicieron un hijito que es el flurona”, explicó a Chequeado la médica infectóloga Elena Obieta, jefa del Servicio de Enfermedades Transmisibles en el municipio bonaerense de San Isidro y miembro de laArgentina de Infectología (SADI).

He added: “A case was reported in Israel of a pregnant patient not vaccinated for flu - from 2019 we learned that influenza is more designed with pregnant women and that is why they have an indication of receiving the flu vaccine when autumn starts - and that it was notvaccinated against the coronavirus, another error.This woman had the 2 infections ".

In the case of Argentina, the director of the Santa Fe Hospital, Osvaldo González Carrillo, explained that “the patient is 3 years old and admission to epilepsy and seizures.What we do - because all patients entering therapy are done this test - is a respiratory viral panel where we detect influenza and coronavirus ”.The patient was vaccinated against the coronavirus but not against the flu.

Cases since March 2020

In March 2020, the scientific journal Journal of Medical Virology published a study conducted in Wuhan, China, which described the double infection with the flu virus and SARS-COV-2 in 5 patients.In May of that same year, another article published in International Journal of Infectious Diseases reported 44 cases among serious patients.

 Ni un nuevo virus, ni una nueva variante: qué es “flurona” y por qué no debemos alarmarnos

That same month the first 4 cases reported in Spain were known, when doctors at the Clinic Hospital in Barcelona published their study in The Lancet scientific journal.In June of that year another case was also reported in China.A study review, which included 3 3.070 Patients with confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19, found that the prevalence of coinfection with the flu virus was 0.8%.

Until now it is largely unknown if simultaneous flu and coronavirus infection can generate more serious symptoms, although Obieta warns that "they are 2 viruses that can be enhanced damaging more the lung".The study published by Doctors of the Clinic Hospital in Barcelona concluded that the course of the disease in patients with “flurone” was not different from other cases of COVID-19.

Asked that the simultaneous infection of COVID-19 and flu can produce a new mutation of the Coronavirus, Abdi Mahamud, an epidemiologist of the World Health Organization (WHO), explained that “these are 2 different viruses that use receptorsdifferent to attack the body and that, therefore, there is little risk of being combined in a new virus ”.

What happens in Argentina

“In almost 2 years of pandemic we have not had much circulation of the influenza or respiratory syncitial virus in autumn/winter and we thought it was like the coronavirus managed to be the unique protagonist of the scene and did not leave room for the rest.On the other hand, it is true that in the first winter there were very restrictive measures regarding the circulation of people and there were no classes, with which the boys were little exposed and less possible transmitters of the disease, ”Obieta recalled.

In that sense, the Ministry of Health of the Nation stressed that, during the past year, the prevalence of influenza coinfection between patients with COVID-19 was 0.8 %, although in the future this may vary depending on theTransmission and circulation of different respiratory viruses.

From the beginning of the Covid-19 Pandemia in Argentina.Another 3 coinfections detected in the last two weeks of 2021 were influence.

In addition, according to the epidemiological bulletin of the health portfolio, from the beginning of 2020 and until August of that year “there were 8 dead cases with an influenza diagnosis, 7 of them with influenza A without subtipification and one with influenza B.All cases were studied for SARS-COV-2 and 3 of them were positive for influenza A and Sars-COV-2 ”.At that time an activity of the flu was already warned at lower levels than usual.

“During all this time there were some places where influenza virus was still looking for;Especially in patients who seemed to have suspected COVID-19 and the diagnostic test gave negative, respiratory panels were made [N.of r.Test that detects several pathogens] to look for other viruses but the truth is that much influenza virus was not found, ”Obieta said.

What can happen this next fall/ winter?Could more "flurone" cases occur?"We do not know.The important thing is that the population of risk that has an indication of receiving the antigripal vaccine, receives it and that it is as early as possible to face the autumn winter in a safer way for all, ”concluded the specialist.

Last update 01/25/22: The note was updated with the information of the Ministry of Health of the Province of Santa Fe

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Not a new virus, not a new variant: what is "flurone" and why we should not alarm
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